Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
HIV attacks the immune system of the body and gradually causes damage to it. Without proper treatment and care, a person with HIV is at risk of developing serious infections and cancers such as tuberculosis, as well as other hardened infection and tumors that rarely affect people who have a normally functional immune systems.
Commonly known as a PrEP is a daily anti-AIDS medicine to prevent HIV infection.To define PrEP, it is an HIV prevention strategy used by non HIV- affected individuals to get prevention against infection from an HIV infected person. Daily PrEP or anti AIDS medication needs to be taken before coming in contact with any HIV affected individual.
HIV PEP or Post-exposure Prophylaxis is a post exposure treatment process to be taken when encountered with a probable AIDS exposure. To define PEP, it is taking anti-retroviral drugs for post-exposure to a potential HIV positive person to prevent infection. The antiretroviral drugs for post-exposure prophylaxis commonly known as the ART has to be taken by a HIV negative person within 72 hours of probable aids exposure and can be consumed earlier.
This AIDS prophylaxis antibiotic is to be taken by a HIV negative person when he/ she is recently exposed to HIV
HIV PEP after 72 hours does not give you AIDS immunity, so one needs to take the necessary prevention of before and after AIDS exposure as well.
PEP drugs are to be taken in emergency situations only and does not guarantee HIV immunity for frequent HIV / AIDS exposure.
Post-exposure prophylaxis can be categorized in two ways:
PrEP prevents transmission of HIV when used by a HIV negative person in all or any of such cases
The best time to start PEP is immediately after exposure, if not, it is to be taken within 72 hrs of probable aids exposure. An early start can ensure maximum aids immunity and the medication stops the virus at the areas of exposure preventing it to spread across the body.
PEP works if aids prophylaxis antibiotics or (ART) is taken by an HIV negative person immediately after exposure or within 72hrs of exposure. However it doesn’t ensure 100% protection.
PEP fails to work if one does not consume the prescribed amount of dosage for a prescribed amount of time. It may also make a person drug resistant further creating problems for HIV treatment.
There are reportedly lower rates of lower rates of completion of course in adolescents than adults and children. Improved counselling efforts are taken to create more awareness for the same.
The PEP also being an anti-AIDS medication, some may experience, nausea, acute head aches and diarrhea but stopping the PEP drug due to this may lead to failure of HIV immunity.
Most people aren’t aware of the availability of post-exposure prophylaxis and that they still have a chance to live a normal life. Awareness campaigns are trying their best to provide HIV immunities to people but this should not be used as an option where people take more risks and ignore the causes of HIV AIDS
A genuine anti AIDS drug when consumed daily reduces the risk of transmission through sex by more than 90%. For a drug injecting person, it reduces the risk by 70%. So there are negligible chances of getting infected.
There isn’t any dangers as such and a person who is non HIV infected can lead a perfectly normal life with a positive partner with prescribed dosage of PrEP.
However, the dosage of PrEP being a daily dosage, it may sometimes cause nausea, frequent headaches in some people, some may also face upset stomach or lack of appetite, but these subside eventually within few weeks. Regular checkups and frequent visits to the doctor are recommended.
There may be no long term health effects of being on PrEP.
PEP involves 2 drug regime and 3 drug regime as per the intensity of the infected individuals. 3 drug PEP course is recommended for severe intensities, but studies have shown lower adherence rate to PEP courses and post PEP follow-ups. This leads to increased rates of HIV positive counts and some measures may be taken such as improved counselling and prescription of all the regime in initial visits.
A person diagnosed with HIV can lead a perfectly normal life with proper medication and care. Frequent visits to the healthcare and completing the prescribed course on time will definitely help you lead a normal life.
One can have sex even after being contracted with HIV only with utmost care and safe sex practices. Use condom, it can help you protect your partner from being infected.
There are chances of getting infected while having sex with a HIV positive partner but with due precautions and safe sex practices, you can protect yourself from getting infected.If the HIV status of a partner is unknown and if he / she is likely to be HIV positive, get your HIV tests done.
With proper care and proper treatment taken by the affected partner, which id ART treatment, one can plan a child together without transmitting the virus to the child.
Only HIV negative people who are likely to be exposed to situations with HIV infected person or HIV virus, should opt for PrEP. It is safe and can highly reduce the risk of getting infected.
There are no permanent damages due to HIV medication for both PrEP and PEP, there are some temporary side effects such as nausea, headaches, etc but these are observed during the initial phases of medication and vanish in some weeks.
The HIV virus does not spread like other communicable viruses. It is transmitted only in certain conditions such as unprotected sex with HIV positive partner, multiple sex partners or sex with a person with unknown HIV status, can affect when in contact with blood of infected person using common needles during drugs or working in healthcare where there are chances of needle pricks.
HIV/ AIDS can affect anyone anywhere. It is a virus which once inside you can destroy the immune system of an individual. Different types of medications are available to prevent it and to cure it but with so much unawareness in people, the HIV infected people are unable to live a normal life and think that once affected by the virus, they cannot live a normal life. They maintain distance from their partner affecting their relationship and restrain themselves from their daily chores.
With the advent of courses of PrEP and PEP, medical industry is trying to protect people from being infected unknowingly and also cure them if infected by any case. One must not feel that he or she cannot live a normal life once infected with HIV and should continue their daily routine with proper care and medications.
We are here guiding you through your options for prevention and cure HIV and are providing you the best and trusted medium to take care of you. Relive your life the same way you would if not infected with HIV or if not under the danger of being affected. Leave the rest to us. Take care.